This is an extract of our Property Transactions document, which we sell as part of our U.S. Income Tax Law Outlines collection written by the top tier of NYU School Of Law students.
The following is a more accessble plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our U.S. Income Tax Law Outlines. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:
SS61 income?SS1001 gain/loss?SS1011 adjusted basis A. Intro i. When I sell property, SS61(a)(3) says income includes gains from sale of property. a. Except no losses allowed for property sold between covered family members (including companies owned by the family members) (SS267) ii. Gain/Loss (SS1001(a)): The gain or loss upon selling of property is the difference between the amount realized and the adjusted basis in the property under SS1011 adjusted basis in the property a. Amount Realized (SS1001(b)): The sum of any money received plus FMV of property received, excluding reimbursement for property taxes paid. b. Recognition (SS1001(c)): As a general rule, the entire amount of gain or loss shall be recognized, except as otherwise provided (and you invoke this except as otherwise provided" in SS1031 like-kind exchanges). o This is the general rule. Like-kind exchanges is just a narrow exception. c. Installments (SS1001(d)): If paid in installment, the amounts are recognized as they are received. iii. Academic Concept of Basis a. Basis is history. Idea is I already at some point paid tax on the amount I'm reporting for basis. So if I buy stock for $100, and sell for $120, shouldn't treat the whole $120 as income for tax purposes b/c I already paid tax on the $100 of income that I used to buy the stock back when I first earned it. iv. Calculating Basis (SS1012): In general, the basis is the cost at which the TP acquired the property, unless otherwise provided. v. Calculating Adjusted Basis (SS1011) a. SS1012 basis accounting for any adjustments made under 1016. B. Basis when using other than cash i. Assume FMV transaction: Philadelphia Park Amusement Co v US (US 1954, Unit VI supp); a. TP had 50-year license to operate park; built bridge to get people to it. At expiration, asked city for license extension. Instead of paying cash for new license, they gave the city the bridge in exchange. At the time, didn't report any of this as a realization event. When it later goes bankrupt, wants to deduct the take a loss on the remaining years of the extended license. Question is what is its basis?
b. Idea is we assume efficient market, so we say the FMV of thing received is the FMV of thing given up. So the cost of the bridge is the FMV of the license. The cost of the bridge is TP's basis in the park license, and he deducts that from amount received to calculate gain.
Buy the full version of these notes or essay plans and more in our U.S. Income Tax Law Outlines.