This is an extract of our Agency document, which we sell as part of our Agency and Other Unincorporated Businesses Outlines collection written by the top tier of Oklahoma City University School Of Law students.
The following is a more accessble plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Agency and Other Unincorporated Businesses Outlines. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:
Definition of Agency: A consensual relationship that is created when one person acts on behalf of and subject to the control of another.
SS1 Rest, 2d Agency: a. Agency is the fiduciary relation which results from the manifestation of consent by one person to another that the other shall act on his behalf and subject to his control, and consent by the other to act. b. The one for whom the action is to be taken is the principal. c. The one who is to act is the agent. The Agency Relationship; The Ambiguous Principal Problem; SubAgency Creation of an Agency Relationship: Carrier v. McLlarky: (Plumber took responsibility to mail back hot water heater, but didn't pursue matter to get owner paid) Whether there is an agency relationship is a question of fact. Agency is created when a principal gives authority to another to act on his behalf and the agent consents to do so. (can be implied by conduct) Here, plumber volunteered to act on lady's behalf and had to be acting on her behalf in order to collect on the warranty. Duty of Agent: Duty of Care (diligence, skill, and competence) Promise to act as an agent is interpreted as being a promise only to make reasonable efforts to accomplish the directed result. Violette v. Shoupe (neighbor asks other neighbor for a suggested aggressive tax shelter and it goes bad) Simply offering to help or making a suggestion doesn't make you an agent. Benefit isn't enough, purported agent must actually be carrying out the others business!
M.D. & Assoc. & Paul Hogg v. Sears Roebuck & Co.: (tenant holds over, secretary picks up the mail for the boss guy and she is ruled his agent cause control and obo, so he is on notice)
Existence of agency and authority of an agent can be implied by proof of facts, circumstances, words, acts & conduct of the party to be charged w/ the agency. (signatures are indicators of agency) Prior conduct is a factor to take into account The key to authority implied from course of conduct is the knowing acquiescence of the principal in the past acts. CONTROL: Control involves and "element of subservience" It can be ambiguous & have a broad or narrow/strict view & proof is required Agency Liability is Strict Liability CONSENT:
-Consent of both parties is required
-Consent can exist even where the parties involved fail to recognize that they have created and agency relationship
-Can be express of implied
-If they underlying transaction is contractual in nature, the principal must have the capacity to contract Proof of Agency: Burden of proof is on the one asserting yes agency and it must be inferred only from natural & reasonable construction of the facts A. Agency or Sale HUNTER MINING LABORATORIES, INC. v. MANAGEMENT ASSISTANCE INC. (computer products & failure to install completely, ?? was whether the two smaller distributors were agents of MAI)
In true agency relationship, the principal possesses the right to control the agent's conduct (but this doesn't mean that agency exists everytime 1 party has a contractual right to control some aspect of others party's business)
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