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Family Law Bar Exam Outline

Law Outlines > Oklahoma Bar Bundle Outlines

This is an extract of our Family Law Bar Exam document, which we sell as part of our Oklahoma Bar Bundle Outlines collection written by the top tier of Oklahoma City University School Of Law students.

The following is a more accessble plain text extract of the PDF sample above, taken from our Oklahoma Bar Bundle Outlines. Due to the challenges of extracting text from PDFs, it will have odd formatting:

Family Law MARRIAGE

* Ceremonial Marriage Requirements o Voluntary Consent o Competent to Consent

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Can't be married to someone else

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Can't be too closely related

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Can't be same gender Doesn't matter if another state recognizes*
Age 18 or older or16 or 17 w/ written consent of parent/guardian OR w/ courtapproval if no parents/guardians Under 16, only w/ court approval if unmarried & pregnant, or insettlement of a suit for seduction or paternity

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Mentally competent

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Cannot remarry w/in 6 months of last divorce But if parties live together after the 6 mo. Period, the marriagebecomes common law & cannot be annulled o Marriage License

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Valid for 30 days

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Get fee reduce if complete pre marriage counsel o Ceremony

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Conduct by judge & religious leader

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Need 2 adult, competent witnesses

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Officiant & witnesses must sign certificate

* Common Law Marriage o Competent & 5 Elements

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Permanent

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Exclusive

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Actual Intent to be Married

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Cohabitation

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Holding Out to Public as H & W o Must show by CLEAR & CONVINCING EVIDENCE o Must be terminated same as ceremonial marriage

ANNULMENT

* Void Marriage o Fail to meet essential requirements, invalid (utter nullity) o Can be attacked by a party or collaterally by 3rd party o Can be attacked even after death of one of parties o NO TEMPORARY ALIMONY

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Examples: bigamy, incest, same sex

* Voidable Marriage o Event of condition affecting adequacy of consent

Treated as valid until annulled Can be attacked only by party or guardian of party and usually only one sought to be protected

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Either party can raise marriage w/in 6 months o No attack after death o TEMPORARY ALIMONY ALLOWED o Marriage can be ratified by cohabitation after impediment removed

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Examples: underage, mental incapacity, remarriage w/in 6 months, fraud, misrep, duress, error & lack of consent o o

* Relief Avail W/ Annulment o Judicial declaration of invalidity o Custody & visitation of minor kids o Child support & medical support for minor kids o Property division o Attorney' fees & costs o Temporary alimony for proceeding to annul voidable marriage, but not void

marriage o PERMANENT ALIMONY CANNOT BE AWARDED IN ANY ANNULMENT ACTION o Restraining order or other injunctions

* Relief o o o

Not Avail Divorce Name Change Permanent Alimony

DIVORCE & SEPARATION

* Grounds for Divorce & Separation o Incompatibility

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No fault

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"such conflict of personalities that no possibility of reconciliation o Abandonment o ADULTERY o Impotence o Wife pregnant by other AT TIME OF MARRIAGE o Extreme Cruelty o Fraudulent conduct o Habitual drunkenness o Gross neglect of duty; o Imprisonment for felony o Divorce in another state w/o PJ over 1 spouse o Institutionalization for insanity for 5 years

* Defenses o Traditional Defenses

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Condonation Forgiveness of marital offense by other spouseCan be proven w/ affirmative act or implied by cohabitation or sexo

Other Defenses

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Recrimination Both guilty of misconduct*
Provocation Conduct provoked the marital offense*
Connivance Spouse acquiesced in marital offense*
Collusion Agreement to offense or to suppress a defense* Relief Avail in Divorce o Dissolution of Marriage o Custody & visitation of minor children o Child Support & med support for minor kids o Property Division o Support Alimony o Restoration of Maiden name of either spouse o Attorney fees & costs o Restraining order

* Separate Maintenance Action (Legal Separation) o Action doesn't terminate marriage & cant prevent other spouse claim for divorce o Grounds & defenses same as divorce o Same relief as divorce except

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No dissolution

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No name change

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No permanent alimony

* Waiting Periods for Final Decree o No minor children, 10 day waiting period o If minor children, 30 or 90 day waiting period

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Final hearing cant be held till petition on file for 30 days unless court says

emergency

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Final order cant be issued till petition on file 90 days unless court waives, parties do counseling, or divorce based on abandonment, extreme cruelty, drunk, imprisonment, out of state divorce, insanity

* Jurisdiction & Venue o Subject Matter Jurisdiction

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File in OK District Court

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Actual Residency Requirement Petitioner OR respondent must be "actual resident" of OK in good*

o

Venue

faith for 6 months immediately before filing Actual Residence= domicile= intent to remainExecption Counterclaim to separate maintenance actionAnnulment or separate maintenance actionMilitary- resident for 6 months w/o intent to remain okay*

Divorce or Annulment file in County Petitioner has resided for 30 days OR where respondent resides*
Separate Maintenance Where either party liveso Possible for 2 states have jurisdiction. Can proceed at same time and if one renders judgment, other loses SMJ. o If 2 actions filed in OK, first filed takes precedent. o For financial issues: petitioner must have PJ over respondent spouse

* Automatic Mandatory Status Quo Injunctions o On filing of petition & personal service, an AUTOMATIC TEMPORARY

INJUNCTION is in effect against both parties & can be enforced like any other injunctions, through contempt o Injunctions in force till resolution of case (final decree, etc.) o Prevents:

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Transferring, encumbering, concealing, disposing of marital prop UNLESS in usual course of business, to retain a lawyer, or for life necessities

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Can damage or destroy prop

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Make retirement withdrawals

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Open or divert mail

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Sign or endorse other party name

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Disturb peace of other party or kids

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Disrupt or withdraw kids from school

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Hide kids

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Remove kids out of state

* Temporary Orders o During pending action, parties can request temp orders regarding child custody,

support, visitation, alimony, payment of debt, property possession, attorney fees o Procedure

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Application by petitioner verified

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5 day notice before any hearing

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If emergency, ex parte orders are permitted w/ police report, DHS report, sworn affidavit by other w/ first hand knowledge of issue, BUT only upon showing of irreparable harm to applicant or kid if order delay Must be set for "show cause" hearing w/in 10 days*
Temp orders terminate on final decree unless incorporated

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Temp orders can be vacated or modified, and are not appealable PROPERTY DIVISION

* General o OK is a common law state when it comes to dividing property. o The divorce MUST:

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Determine what is marital property & what is separate property

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Make an equitable division of the marital estate w/o regard to title of the property

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IMP: Equitable means fair, not necessarily equal

* Separate Property

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