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Incorporation Doctrine Outline

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This is an extract of our Incorporation Doctrine document, which we sell as part of our Constitutional Outlines collection written by the top tier of U.C. Berkeley School Of Law (Boalt Hall) students. Review Now

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Incorporation Doctrine i) Barron v. Baltimore (1824) - John Barron was co-owner of a profitable wharf in the harbor of Baltimore. As the city developed and expanded, large amounts of sand accumulated in the harbor, depriving Barron of the deep waters which had been the key to his successful business. He sued the city to recover a portion of his financial losses. (1) Held: Fifth Amendment claim against the city of Baltimore REJECTED because the constitutional amendments did not apply to the states and local governments (2) purpose of Constitution was to create/limit federal govt, not states (3) States were trusted; closer to the people (4) States had their own constitutions b) Reconstruction Amendments - contains no explicit statement that the Bill of Rights applied to the states. i) Does 14th Amendment, Section I incorporate the Bill of rights?
(1)"No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States." ii) Meaning of Privileges or Immunities Clause (1)John Bingham (principal author of 14th): P&I are defined by first eight amendments. These 8 articles were never limitations upon power of the States until made so by the 14th. iii) Slaughter House Cases (1872) - Butchers argue that Louisiana's grant of slaughterhouse monopoly to New Orleans company violates 13th amendment, 14th Due Process, Equal Protection, P&I (1)Held: 13th amendment is about slavery, not other analogous forms of servitude. Not applicable. (2)Held: 14th amendment due process is a provision regarding procedural rights, not to have a particular job. Not applicable. (3)Held: 14th amendment EP was designed exclusively for benefit of black citizens. Not applicable. (4)Held: 14th P&I - purpose of provision is to protect US citizens from state governments; not to protect citizens of a state from their own state (a) Article IV, Sec 2: Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States (b)Cornfield v. Coryell (1823) interpreted P&I clause to protect fundamental rights that are traditionally

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