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Punitive Damages Outline

Law Outlines > Modern American Remedies 4th Ed. Laycock Outlines

This is an extract of our Punitive Damages document, which we sell as part of our Modern American Remedies 4th Ed. Laycock Outlines collection written by the top tier of University Of Virginia School Of Law students.

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PUNITIVE DAMAGES Why are Punitive Damages Needed? Why Don't Compensatories Provide Sufficient Deterrence?:Because, sometimes the law systematically underestimates damages o Ex. emotional distress now generally compensable in intentional torts, but hard to measure, and outrageous conduct sometimes inflicts immeasurable harm:
? Environmental harm in Exxon, because of economic loss rule or because it was not yet provable at trial
? Cultural harm
? Severe emotional distress

Size of Punitive Damage Awards:?

Although PD awards have increased over time, median PD:CD ratio has remained less than 1:1 (spread is great though, and outlier cases subject defendants to punitives many times the compensatories The large mean/median pun:comp ratios and standard deviations are with the SMALL verdicts, and nobody cares about the small verdicts. It makes sense that the multiplier would be larger when compensatories are

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